Spain

Viñedos des Vistalegre farm, Granátula de Calatrava, Spain

About the farm

Started in

1970

Livestock

-

Personnel

7 permanent employees, plus 15 seasonal workers

Area under cultivation

120 hectares of olives
80 hectares of grapes
70 hectares of almonds

Soil type

Terra rossa

Annual rainfall

350 mm (up to 550 mm in exceptional years)

Machinery

ARION 620

NEXOS 240 F

About Spain

Population

Approx. 47 million

Total area

49.8 million ha (123 million acres)

Area under cultivation

Approx. 25 million hectares (approx 67 million acres)

Number of farms

Approx. 1 million

Average farm size

Over 50% of farms are 5 ha (12 acres) or smaller.

Olive growing area

Approx 2.2 million ha (approx. 5.4 million acres)

Number of olive growers

Approx. 380,000

It takes four or five kilograms of olives to produce one litre of olive oil.

 

With around 2.5 million hectares, Spain is the biggest olive producer and olive oil exporter in the world. The main production area is the Andalucia region in southern Spain, which has approximately 60% of Spanish olive trees. Around 15% of Spain's olive trees are grown in the Castilla-La Mancha region. However, olive growers here must face a challenge that doesn't exist in Andalucia – night frosts which can start in October or November. But the olives for oil production aren't harvested until mid-November. This is where many years of experience on the part of Juan Ángel Martín Gómez and Juan Antonio Paredes Imedio really come into their own, enabling them to watch the weather and schedule the harvest. Under perfect conditions, they can expect a harvest of 40 to 60 kilograms of olives per tree. With an oil yield of 18 to 24%, it takes four or five kilograms of olives to produce one litre of olive oil. However, olive growers don't find out how much they will be paid per kilogram of oil until the harvest is over. They supply the olives to the olive mill which presents the results of tests on every delivery at the end of the season. The price is determined not only by the tonnage supplied but also by the constituents and average fat content of the olives – which influence the oil yield. In recent years the price has been around € 0.60 per kilogram of olive oil.

"The CLAAS tractors do most of the work."

 

The farm uses an ARION 620 and a NEXOS 240 F. "The little one," as Juan Antonio Paredes Imedio almost lovingly refers to it, is used in the vineyards and for treatments on the trees. The big one, with 150 hp, is used for mechanical cultivation in the olive groves, and also to chip the prunings from the trees in the winter. But for the olive harvest they need the AXION 810 owned by contractor Los Chinos because it has the output needed to operate the front-mounted shaker. "The CLAAS tractors do most of the work," says Juan Antonio, who is very happy with the tractors and the service he receives. Service is the key factor for Juan Ángel and Juan Antonio, and was what attracted them to CLAAS several years ago. One of the tractors they had at the time broke down during the harvest. The senior partner at CLAAS machinery dealer Agricola Menchero helped out at short notice, and this commitment developed into a reliable partnership which still endures today. The Menchero sons, who now run the business together, still show the same commitment.

 

Juan Antonio is pleased that his boss "keeps his eye on the ball and carries on planting." He hopes that "we will get more of everything in the future. More almond trees, more olive trees and more vines."


Picture gallery


Making-of – Behind the scenes